ABSTRACT Although various socio-economic surveys are being conducted in Nepal, at times these surveys do not coincide with the planning and reporting cycles of HMG and UN agencies. Also, different surveys have different objectives, but the data from a comprehensive survey that covers indicators related to women and children is always valuable. A comprehensive Nepal Family Health Survey was conducted in 1996, which provided data for the mid-decade review in retrospect. Current data and indicators relating to issues of women and children are needed for gender specific planning and policy formulation. These data can also be used in planning other national-level programmes which are to begin in the middle of next year. This has led to the planning and execution of the present survey to generate data and indicators related to issues of women and children. The primary objective of the Between Census Household Information for Monitoring and Evaluation System (BCHIMES) was to provide social indicators on issues related to women and children. This survey has come up with indicators on issues related to women and children for an end-decade assessment of progress of this decade and provide benchmark data for the next programme cycle. SCOPE The scope of the BCHIMES includes: HOUSEHOLDS: Household Characteristics, Education, Water Supply, Sanitation, Salt Iodisation, INDIVDUALS: Demographic and Social Characteristics, Family Planning, Ante-Natal and Delivery Care, Information education and communication, Childhealth, STD/HIV/AIDS, Breastfeeding, Care of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Diarrhoea, Vitamin A, Immunisation COVERAGE Geographic Coverage (1) National coverage Geographic Coverage (2) Urban/Rural areas Geographic Coverage (3) Ecological zones Geographic Coverage (4) Sub-regions Geographic Coverage (5) All eco-development regions of the Hills and Terai Geographic Coverage (6) For mountain eco-development regions: Eastern, Central & Western Mountains combined in one group Mid- and Far-western Mountains combined in another group Geographic Coverage (7) Kathmandu Valley Universe The survey covered all selected household members, all women aged 15-49 years resident in the household, and all children aged 0-4 years (under age 5) resident in the household.