ABSTRACT This census provides the contribution of the private hospitals of Nepal in the national economy and hospital waste management practices with the perspective of environment management. One of the purposes of this census was to find out health care waste management practices in hospital. The main objectives of this census are: - To assess the current size, nature of the private hospitals in the country - To generate principal indicators of private hospitals such as number of private hospitals, number of persons engaged, value of fixed assets - To prepare list of operating private hospitals this will provide a frame for future sample survey of this sector. - To assess the value add in the economy made by this sector. - To fill the gap of information about the changes and developments-taking place in the hospital sector This census collected information on private hospitals in two parts mainly general information and economic transaction in first part and general hospital waste management practices with the view to assess the environment management in private hospitals in second part. SCOPE The scope of the Census of Private Hospital in Nepal includes: Private Hospitals: Any private or community or other than government financed hospitals operating indoor patient service with the availability of at least a bed service were enumerated. Private Aayurvedic and homeopathic health institutions operated with at least a bed of indoor patient service were also included. The census was carried out in a single phase on the basis of list provided on private hospitals by the Ministry of Health and Population. COVERAGE Geographic Coverage National coverage Universe This Census coveres any private or community or other than government financed hospitals operating indoor patient service with the availability of at least a bed service.