January 10, 2018

ABSTRACT After the accomplishment of the Nepal Living Standards Survey, 1995/96, the Central Bureau of Statistics has given importance to the follow up surveys relating to household consumption. Two basic reasons stand behind such a policy. The first is to understand the behavior on consumption, facilitating the assessment of poverty levels. The second reason is to support the estimation of national aggregates of consumption required for the national accounting. It is on that line this consumption survey for rural Nepal has been attempted solely on the Government resources. Sustaining foreign aid supported projects in the long run through capacity building is the aim behind such follow up surveys. The survey was planned in January 2000 and was launched in the later part of the same year. Hopefully, the survey results will provide some ways of linking the gap likely to emerge from the earlier and the next round of the Nepal Living Standards Survey now in the initial preparatory phase and scheduled for 2002/03. The survey followed the similar methodology as used in the Nepal Labour Force Survey, 1998/99. As a follow up survey, the sample size has been kept at a moderately low level of 1,968 households. The 1991 Population Census of Nepal was used as a frame for sampling. The sampling was done in such a way that the results are valid nationally for the rural areas. The basic objectives of this survey were 1. To determine the pattern of household consumption and expenditure on food, non-food, housing, durable goods and own account production of goods and services for rural Nepal, and 2. To provide information required in the estimation of National Accounts aggregates. SCOPE The scope of the survey was broadly defined as 1. General information: identify the member of households, basic demographic information such as sex, age and marital status, and information on literacy. 2. Housing expenditures: household's expenditure on housing, utilities and amenities (ownership, rent and expenditure on water, electricity, telephone, cooking fuels, etc.) 3. Food expenditures (including home production): food expenditure of the household including consumption of food items that the household produced 4. Non-food expenditures and inventory of durable goods: expenditure on non-food items (fuels, clothing and personal care, etc.) 5. Non-food expenditures (own account production of goods and services): own account production of goods and services (which included making of baskets, fetching water and collecting firewood, etc.) 6. Income: income from different sources as well as information on loans and savings. COVERAGE Geographic Coverage (1) Rural areas of Nepal Geographic Coverage (2) Region Geographic Coverage (3) Ecological belt Geographic Unit Regional level Universe The survey covered the whole rural areas of the country and no geographical areas were excluded. All usual residents of rural Nepal were considered eligible for inclusion in the survey but households of diplomatic missions were excluded. As is normal in household surveys, homeless and those people living for six months or more away from the household or in institutions such as school hostels, police barracks, army camps and hospitals were also excluded. GET MICRODATA